Proceeding ICBB (The International Conference on Bioscience and Biotechnology)
Volume 1, Number 1, October 2011
ISSN 2088-9771

Comparison of Seed Nutmeg Oleoresin Extraction (Myrictica Houtt fragrans) Origin of North Maluku and Maceration Method Using Combined Distillation–Maceration

Muhammad AssagafA, Pudji HastutiB, Chusnul HidayatB, SupriyadiB, Sri YulianiC
ANorth Maluku Assesment Institute for Agricultural Technology (IAAT). Jl. Kusu, Sofifi, City Tidore Islands
BFaculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta. Jl. Flora, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
CCenter for Post-Harvest, Jl. Students’ Army, Cimanggu. Bogor

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to compare the composition of oleoresin nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) made directly by maceration and distillation combined – maceration. nutmeg oleoresin yield amounted to 15.17 (% db) obtained by direct maceration and oleoresin extraction method combined distillation and maceration obtained yield of 20.08 (% db). While the essential oil yield itself from the water-steam distillation of the results obtained at 6.61 (% db). Ethanol extract of oleoresin analysis using GCMS method identified a total of 39 kinds of compounds with the composition of major components is methyleugenol (33.40%), myristicine (10.90%), cis-methyl isoeugenol (9.09%), elemicin (8:33%), and isocoumarin (5.61 %). For nutmeg essential oil contained 31 components of the compound, where the components are located in large numbers was sabinene (34.97%), β-phellandrene (19.9%), methyleugenol (7:55%), myristicine (5:29%) and elimicine (3:21 %). As for the essential oil is mixed with the oleoresin from the pulp remaining distillation contained 58 components that make up the compound of the oleoresin with a mixture of main components, namely: sabinene (12:38%) myristicine (10.88%), elemicin (8.93%), isocoumarin 6:26 (%), myristic acid (5.96%), and α-pinene (4.73%).

Key words: essential oil, oleoresin, maceration, maceration-distillation, GC-MS

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