Review: Literature Study of Particle Accelerator Development and Its Applications In Material Physics Research
Keywords:Keywords: linac, particle accelerator, material physics, muon collider, nuclear.
Abstract. Particle accelerator is an invention which relates to the beginning of sophisticated revolution of technology especially in 20th and 21st century. The spacious range of particle accelerator application penetrates not only in particle physics research, but also in other scientific field which is like chemistry, biology, technology and industry. Generally, its application is supporting the medical diagnostic and therapy, product sterilization and preservation, and in optical or electrical component manufacture, etc. Based on the library research, accelerators that have been developed can be divided into conventional accelerators and modern particle accelerators. The conventional accelerator is an accelerator principle based on the early concept of electromagnetism which is applied directly and simply to help human work. Modern accelerator is the next generation of conventional accelerator which has been developing to reach the need in extremely high energy. Modern particle accelerators are built on the basis of physics concepts such as Maxwell's equations to the latest theory of particle physics. The varieties of particle accelerator include first generation of accelerator, Van de Graaff, linac, betatron, cyclotron, microtron, synchrotron, synchrocyclotron, electron linac, proton linac, SLAC, ring collider, tevatron, (LEP, LHC, RHIC), and SSC. Current and future accelerator research challenges are to develop accelerators that have high efficiency but are more eco-friendly by minimizing nuclear waste and radiation factors. As the example is muon collider. Muon Collider has great prospective but the character of its instability still has quite challenging puzzle to solve. The field of material physics is very possible to take a role in this research because in principle the development of particle accelerator both its science and technology are necessity for material research, especially in material characterization.