The Study of Modified Semi-Empirical Mass Formula (SEMF) by Considering Isospin Effects in Liquid Drop Model
We do theoretically study of Modified Semi-Empirical Mass Formula (SEMF) based on macroscopic approach in liquid drop model by considering isospin effects. Isospin is one of internal symmetry properties in hadron group, particularly the nucleon multiplet, it represented by SU(2) isospin group. Hadron is a group of elementary particles take place in the strong interaction. The role of strong interactions represents homogeneous nuclear force, interactions between proton-proton (Fpp) , proton-neutron (Fpn), and neutron-neutron (Fnn) are same. In other words, protons and neutrons are indistinguishable because mass (energy) between protons and neutrons is almost the same, by removing charge between them (charge independent). The dependence of isospin effects on nuclear symmetry term and odd-even (pairing) term made the formulation of SEMF should be modificated, in order to obtain nuclear mass and binding energy of a nucleus close to the experimental results. We do two accuracy testing. First, by comparing |Mexp - Mth| for nuclei Pb82208 using SEMF before and after being modified, the result shows that using SEMF before modification the value of |Mexp - Mth|≈ 0,0204 u and for modified SEMF we obtained |Mexp - Mth|≈ 0,0203 u at k=12 . The value of |Mexp - Mth| for modified SEMF is smaller than before modification, it indicates that Modified SEMF is a good formula to calculate the mass of nuclei. Second, by comparing Modified SEMF with other models such as FRDM, HFB-14, and HFB-17 using accuracy parameter in the form of rms deviation and number of model parameters ). The results show that rms deviation decrease 21% to 0,516 and number of model parameters ) decrease to 15, consists of 13 macroscopic model parameters and two microscopic model parameters and �). The value of model parameters was obtained by fitting to experimental results, as a reason it is called semi-empiric.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sinta Ayu Sakinah, Eko Tri Sulistyani
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