Synthesis and Characterization of Biodegradable Plastic with Basic Materials of “Singkong Onggok” - Pectin Peel of “Jeruk Bali” (Citrus Maxima) – Plasticizer

  • Laelatun Maghfiroh Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga
  • Kartini Fauziah Hanum Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga
  • Endaruji Sedyadi Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga
  • Irwan Nugraha Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga
  • Fatchul Anam Nurlaili Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga
Keywords: Biodegradable, Canna Tuber, Pectin, Pell of ’jeruk bali”

Abstract

Biodegradable plastic made from pectin pell of “jeruk bali” has been carried out. Pectin is obtained by extraction methods and for the manufacture of biodegradable plastics with hot-blending methods. The characteristics of the mechanical biodegradable plastics are determined  by  tensile  strength  and  elongation,  and  biodegradation  test  of  biodegradable  plastics.  The  results  of  manufacture biodegradable plastic with the addition of pectin 5g was the best result with a tensile strength value of 195.35 MPa, and an elongation value of around 15.73 - 33.40%. Plastics with the variation of sorbitol starch composition as much as 1.5 g with 1 ml sorbitol each having a tensile strength of 61.29 MPa and elongation value of 14.30%. Plastic with a variation of 1.5 ml sorb itol has a tensile strength value of 118.93 MPa and an elongation value of 16.73%. Plastic with a variation of 2 ml sorbitol has a tensile strength value of 79.67 MPa and an elongation value of 17.63%.

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Published
2019-03-01
How to Cite
Maghfiroh, L., Hanum, K. F., Sedyadi, E., Nugraha, I., & Nurlaili, F. A. (2019). Synthesis and Characterization of Biodegradable Plastic with Basic Materials of “Singkong Onggok” - Pectin Peel of “Jeruk Bali” (Citrus Maxima) – Plasticizer. Proceeding International Conference on Science and Engineering, 2, 201-205. https://doi.org/10.14421/icse.v2.86
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Articles